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Russian Federation: Spanish National Forcibly Disappeared by Russia

Mariano García Calatayud
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Mariano García Calatayud, a 75-year-old Spanish citizen, had been working in Ukraine as a volunteer since 2014, delivering humanitarian aid to war-affected children. He remained in Kherson after Russian forces occupied the city in February 2022.

Mariano García Calatayud went missing in Kherson on 19 March 2022, after joining a peaceful protest against the Russian occupation. There are grounds to believe that, like hundreds of other civilians detained by the occupying Russian forces, he was transferred to Russian-occupied Crimea and secretly placed in a detention centre. Russian authorities have been holding him incommunicado since, and only acknowledged his detention officially in April 2023 without providing any legal justifications for it. In May 2023, independent Russian media sources published testimonies of former prisoners who confirmed his poor health and claimed they had witnessed Mariano García Calatayud being tortured by prison guards.

According to unofficial reports, such as information from former prisoners or messages passed on by fellow detainees in possession of Russian passports who were allowed visits by their lawyers, he was held in the pretrial detention centre No. 1 (SIZO-1) in Simferopol until April 2023. According to the Spain-based Russian lawyer who is representing Mariano García Calatayud’s, his client was later moved to the newly established pretrial detention centre No. 2 (SIZO-2) in Simferopol. This detention centre was reportedly built to house the numerous detainees from the territories occupied by the Russian forced after Russia’s full-scale invasion of Ukraine on 24 February 2022. Some individuals recently released from Russian detention (such releases are rare, with some becoming possible due to prisoner exchange) have reported that they had seen Mariano García Calatayud in SIZOs in Simferopol and witnessed his injuries, including those caused by the use of electric shocks and dog bites.

In September 2023, it became apparent that Mariano García Calatayud was no longer held at the SIZO-2 in Simferopol. On 4 September 2023, a parcel sent to the Sizo-2 and addressed to Mariano García Calatayud was returned by the penitentiary administration with a message that Mariano García Calatayud was not among its inmates. Mariano García Calatayud’s lawyer was informed by two independent sources that he had been transferred to the SIZO in Chonhar, in the Russian-occupied part of Kherson region. However, all attempts to arrange a visit for a meeting with him, or pass him a message, at the pretrial detention centre in Chonhar, and other detention centres in Crimea and in Russian-occupied Mariupol (Donetsk region, Ukraine), were unsuccessful. The occupying Russian authorities denied any information about Mariano García Calatayud’s fate and whereabouts. On 4 December, the lawyer received a letter from the Russian Black Sea Fleet’s Military Prosecutor’s Office which stated that Mariano García Calatayud had “left the territory of the Republic of Crimea” and crossed into Kherson region on 1 June 2023, and that the Prosecutor’s Office has “no information about his whereabouts at present.” 

Mariano García Calatayud’s case falls under the pattern of hundreds of civilians from Russian-occupied Ukrainian territories similarly being forcibly disappeared by the Russian authorities or held in incommunicado detention.


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