Erkin Sidick - 7 February 2022 Meeting Highlights
We had an excellent turnout for our 7 February meeting including guests from the Galway and Mayfair Amnesty Groups. We were also pleased to welcome Sultan Mahmoodi, recently relocated from Afghanistan and working with Human Rights groups based in Afghanistan, to his first Sutton Amnesty meeting
Erkin Sidick on Chinese persecution of the Uyghur Muslim Community
We welcomed Dr Erkin Sidick speaking to us from Los Angeles on the gross human rights violations committed against the Uyghur Muslim community by the Chinese government in East Turkestan ('Xinjiang' in China). Dr Sidick, born in East Turkestan, worked as a teacher/researcher in China and Japan until 1988 before moving to pursue an academic career in the US followed by scientific roles in Silicon Valley and NASA. He is Senior Advisor to the World Uyghur Congress, founder of the Uyghur Academy and President of the Uyghur Projects Foundation.
Dr Sidick told us he was in close contact with many people in Xinjiang, although he believed he would be killed if he returned to Xinjiang himself. He went through a couple of case studies about the disappearance and subsequent death and also torture of Uyghur Muslims in China. This is part of the campaign to ultimately eliminate the Uyghurs as a distinct cultural group.
The campaign against the Uyghurs has been and continues to be conducted in great secrecy by the Chinese hampering the availability of reliable information. Nevertheless, since 2014 when the campaign began and 2017 when it was stepped up, most commentators suggest that perhaps one million Uyghurs have been arrested/put into camps.
Dr Sidick explained the rationale for the treatment as follows:
- China wants to avoid a collapse along the lines of that which happened in the Soviet Union when different races/cultures achieved independence
- many of the 'Belt and Road' trade route initiatives start in Turkestan and the Chinese want these secured
- they perceive the biggest internal threat in the event of war as potential Uyghur disloyalty
- opportunity (there has been no resistance from the UN and other Muslim countries - indeed some of the latter have repatriated Uyghurs)
- lack of visibility (Uyghur numbers are comparatively small and in a particular geographical area)
The campaign is effected by undermining Uyghur reputation ('they are terrorists') and their economy and culture. This is done through mass surveillance, restrictions on movement, intimidation to prevent religious observance and political indoctination in 'reeducation camps'. It involves torture and imprisonment and all five aspects of the UN definition of genocide https://www.un.org/en/genocideprevention/genocide.shtml Dr Sidick believes that the number of Uyghurs arrested and killed is higher than acknowledged in most reports (even from Human Rights organisations). He also cited reports of 'organ harvesting'.
Some further reading/sources on the treatment of the Uyghur community
- Channel 4 Dispatches "China - The Search for the Missing" currently still available on All4 - https://www.channel4.com/programmes/china-the-search-for-the-missing
- Amnesty's own report https://xinjiang.amnesty.org/#cases describing in considerable detail, using individual testimonies, life in the camps including torture and restrictions on Muslim communities outside
- Index on Censorship's report on China's intimidation of Uyghurs abroad https://www.indexoncensorship.org/2022/02/landmark-report-shines-light-…
- an account of a British architect's work locating the Uyghur re-education camps https://www.architectsjournal.co.uk/news/alison-killing-the-british-arc…
Dr Mohamed al-Roken - Sutton Amnesty Group Prisoner of Conscience
Our Chair went through the proposals for a campaign of 100 letters/emails to the UAE embassy on behalf of Dr al-Roken. This was welcomed by the Group, each of whom will write to the embassy every fortnight from the date of our meeting through to mid-June. We are well under way at the date of this email. If you are not on the rota and want to join in please let our Chair know - it would be great to send even more letters and emails on behalf of Dr al-Roken.
Urgent Action cases
Our Secretary went through the cases for the February meeting - draft emails had been sent out that week. The four on whose behalf we are writing are:
- Lilia Chanysheva (Russia) - a former regional manager of Alexei Navalny's organisation and the first of his supporters to be targeted. She has been charged with 'establishing or leading an extremist organisation' and is in pre-trial detention in Moscow
- Zarema Musaeva (Russia/Chechnya) - the mother of a human rights defender arrested and now subject to fabricated charges with concerns for her health. She has committed no crime and been targeted solely in retaliation against her family
- Omar Radi (Morocco) - imprisoned for espionage and rape following a trial marred by flaws. The espionage charge arose after his receipt of foreign funds and contacts with foreign diplomats, which were part of his work. Amnesty cannot comment on the veracity of the rape charge but notes a similar charge made against another Moroccan journalist was deemed by the UN Working Group on Arbitrary Detention to be “judicial harassment attributable to nothing other than his investigative journalism”.
- Luke Symons (Yemen) - detained without charge, having been subject to torture and with deteriorating health. No evidence of a crime has been offered and allegations of spying seem based on nothing other than his British passport.
There will be an Amnesty demonstration on International Women's Day (Tuesday 8 March - the day after our meeting) in support of Afghan women and girls outside the embassy of Afghanistan. More details here: https://www.facebook.com/events/942966383070118/