Sudan: No country should provide a safe haven for president Al-Bashir
Amnesty urges Sudanese President to surrender immediately to face trial
In reaction to today’s decision by the International Criminal Court (ICC) to issue an arrest warrant for Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir on charges of crimes against humanity and war crimes, Amnesty International has urged President al-Bashir to surrender himself immediately to face trial.
The organisation also said that should President al-Bashir leave Sudan, the government of any country he enters has an obligation to deny him safe haven by arresting him immediately as a fugitive from justice and surrendering him to the ICC.
Senior Legal Adviser for Amnesty International, Christopher Keith Hall said:
“The law is clear. President al-Bashir must appear before the ICC to defend himself. If he refuses to do so, the Sudanese authorities must ensure that he is arrested and surrendered immediately to the ICC.”
Today’s arrest warrant for the Sudanese head of state is an unprecedented move in the history of a conflict that has seen more than 300,000 killed, thousands raped, and more than 2.4 million people have been forcibly displaced.
Christopher Keith Hall said:
“This announcement is an important signal – both for Darfur and the rest of the world – that suspected human rights violators will face trial, no matter how powerful they are.”
Sudan’s Constitution currently affords its head of state immunity from criminal prosecution while in office. However, no international instrument has ever recognised any immunity for crimes against humanity or war crimes. Sudanese authorities have a legal obligation to arrest anyone named in an ICC arrest warrant under Security Council Resolution 1593 (2005), which requires Sudan to cooperate with the ICC.
Christopher Keith Hall added:
“No one is above the law. If you are charged with a crime, you must stand up and face those charges in a court of law. President al-Bashir will have the opportunity to do this before the International Criminal Court.”
Notes to the Editor
· In addition to the case against President al-Bashir, the International Criminal Court is examining two other cases in relation to the situation in Darfur:
· In April 2007, the ICC issued international arrest warrants against Sudanese government minister Ahmad Harun and Janjawid militia leader Ali Kushayb, both suspected of war crimes and crimes against humanity. The Sudanese government has so far refused to arrest them or hand them over to the ICC.
· On 20 November 2008, the ICC Prosecutor applied for arrest warrants to be issued against three commanders of armed opposition groups operating in Darfur. The prosecutor did not disclose their names. The commanders were accused of war crimes arising from an attack on the African Union Mission in Sudan (AMIS) in December 2007, in which 12 peacekeepers were killed.