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The Wisdom of free speech: from Albania to Syria

I’ve got to admit I was never a fan of Norman Wisdom, pratfalls and mugging not being my thing. But then again … there was something interesting about his whole screen persona and his amazing success.

Was he a trailblazer for freedom of expression? Did he represent liberty versus establishment authoritarianism? Hmmm. Charlie Chaplin, George Formby, Michael Crawford’s “Frank Spencer” (!), and Norman Wisdom’s “Norman Pitkin”.

Apparently with Wisdom it was actually more than a screen construct. According to Wikipedia, when he was working in a telephone centre during the Second World War he came into regular contact with Winston Churchill and was once reprimanded for cheekily calling him “Winnie”. Nice.

I can even see an echo of Wisdom’s “Gump” character – tight, rumpled suit jacket and mangled tie – in the archetypal punk look (Johnny Rotten, Richard Hell). Maybe punk’s anti-establishment postures unconsciously took something from comic rebels like Norman Pitkin. (Please discuss…).

And then there’s the famous matter of his popularity in Stalinist countries like Albania and China. Obviously “physical” comedians like “Mr Bean” and Benny Hill have always travelled well, but with Norman Wisdom the adoption of the lovable rebel figure in authoritarian countries was also political. He supposedly represented something “acceptable” to Communist rulers about the supposedly corrupt, bourgeois West.

Which is all deeply ironic. Albania would apparently allow only his films from the non-Communist world to be shown in the country. Everything else was banned.

Present-day authoritarian countries are notoriously selective about what they will and won’t allow their populations to watch, write or do. For example, in Syria a 19-year-old blogger called Tal al-Mallohi has been in prison without charge or trial since last year apparently because the authorities are enraged by her poetry and other online musings which contain references to Syria’s draconian restrictions on freedom of expression (see her blog: Arabic only).

There are new reports that she is being held on “espionage” grounds. We’ll see. Please, meanwhile, take action for Tal here.

Syria has a nasty record of jailing people who dare to voice forbidden topics online – people like Kareem ‘Arabji, a blogger jailed last year for moderating an internet youth forum (he’s since been amnestied), and people like ‘Allam Fakhour, Ayham Saqr, Diab Siriyeh, Hussam ‘Ali Mulhim, Maher Isber Ibrahim, ‘Omar ‘Ali al-‘Abdullah and Tareq al-Ghorani – all of whom have been sentenced to long prison sentences for their part in developing an online youth discussion group and publishing online articles advocating democratic reform. Please take action for these men here.

I somehow doubt whether Tal al-Mallohi and her fellow Syrian detainees have watched many Norman Wisdom films. But if they ever do, I reckon they’d get a glimpse of what Syria is trying to suppress.

About Amnesty UK Blogs
Our blogs are written by Amnesty International staff, volunteers and other interested individuals, to encourage debate around human rights issues. They do not necessarily represent the views of Amnesty International.
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