Zimbabwe: Call on government to end forced evictions and violence immediately
Over the past two weeks the Government of Zimbabwe has orchestrated the forced eviction of thousands of informal traders and families living in informal settlements across the country as part of a crackdown called 'Operation Murambatsvina', widely translated as "drive out the rubbish" but being referred to by police as "operation restore order".
Evictions are being carried out without notice and without court orders in a flagrant disregard for due process and the rule of law.
During the forced evictions police and other members of the security forces are using excessive force: burning homes, destroying property and beating individuals.
On the night of Thursday 26 May, more than 10,000 people were forcibly driven from their homes in the informal settlement of Hatcliffe Extension in northern Harare.
Police reportedly destroyed these homes, leaving the settlementâ€™s families destitute and sleeping in the open during Zimbabweâ€™s winter. Many of those evicted were actually placed at Hatcliffe Extension by the government.
Kolawole Olaniyan, Director of Amnesty Internationalâ€™s Africa Programme, said:
"We have had reports of heart-wrenching scenes of ordinary Zimbabweans who have had their homes and livelihoods completely destroyed crying on the street in utter disbelief.
"We have even had reports of police forcing people to destroy their own homes.
"Amnesty International is appalled by this flagrant disregard for human rights. Forced evictions without due process, legal protection, redress and appropriate relocation measures, are completely contrary to international human rights law."
Thousands of people, mainly informal traders, have been arrested during the crackdown on the grounds that their businesses are illegal. Their goods have been destroyed or confiscated, although many are reported to have been in possession of licences to operate.
Human rights lawyers are now taking court action on behalf of the traders, most of whom were forced to pay fines to secure their release. Kolawole Olaniyan continued:
"The forced closure of informal businesses, the only livelihood option left for many in Zimbabweâ€™s shattered economy, has pushed thousands into an increasingly vulnerable position. This is particularly disturbing in light of the high levels of poverty and food shortages already present in Zimbabwe.
"We call on the government to immediately cease the forced evictions. As a matter of urgency the government must ensure that all those evicted have access to shelter, food and safe water.
"Those who have been forcibly evicted and had property destroyed should be granted full legal protection and redress and should receive adequate compensation."
In September 2004 Amnesty International reported on the attempted forced eviction of thousands of people from Porta Farm, an informal settlement on the outskirts of Harare, during which police reportedly misused tear gas against residents. The police were acting in defiance of a court order prohibiting the eviction.
According to eye-witness testimonies the police fired tear gas directly into the homes of the Porta Farm residents. At least 11 people died in the following weeks.
Amnesty International has repeatedly called for a full investigation into the events and subsequent deaths at Porta Farm, but no investigation is known to have been carried out.
Amnesty International is very concerned that Porta Farm may again be targeted in the current "clean-up" operation.
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