UN Torture Day: No room for complacency - fight against torture must be reinforced
Amnesty International UK Director, Kate Allen, said:
â€œThe international community must confront attempts to legitimise torture and ill-treatment head on.
â€œThe recent graphic evidence of the torture and inhuman and degrading treatment of Iraqi detainees by Coalition Forces, demonstrates all too clearly the need for renewed efforts to prevent and prohibit these abuses.â€
Under international law torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment, are absolutely prohibited, even during a state of war or state of emergency.
Amnesty International is concerned that the universal condemnation of torture and ill-treatment that has prevailed in modern times is now under threat in the face of:
- Media reports of debates on whether torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment could be condoned and could be legally justified under certain circumstances.
- Interrogation methods and other treatments that amount to torture or cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, which have been portrayed as legitimate, in spite of the overwhelming relevant jurisprudence of international and regional human rights bodies and national courts to the contrary.
- The acknowledgement that evidence elicited as a result of torture may be used in court
- Some states having breached their fundamental obligation to ensure that no-one is expelled, extradited or returned to a country where they may be in danger of being subjected to torture or ill-treatment.
â€œAll governments must condemn torture unreservedly whenever it occurs and make clear to all public officials that torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment will never be tolerated,â€ said Kate Allen.
Amnesty International calls on all governments to ensure prompt and impartial investigations of all allegations of torture and cruel, inhuman and degrading treatment; to bring to justice those responsible for torture and to ensure reparation for the victims of torture and their dependants.
Amnesty International calls on those states that have yet to ratify the UN Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman and Degrading Treatment or Punishment to do so as a matter of priority and for those states parties that have issued reservations to withdraw them.
Amnesty International calls all states that are party to the Convention against Torture to ratify without delay the Optional Protocol to the Convention against Torture.
â€œThe hidden practices of torture and other cruel, inhuman and degrading treatment continue to be widespread through the world. Without appropriate safeguards and checks in place, these violations of fundamental human rights can occur anywhere at any time,â€ concluded Kate Allen.
20 years after the adoption of the UN Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman and Degrading Treatment or Punishment only 136 states out of 191 have become parties and many have failed to implement it fully at the national level.
The Optional Protocol provides a very practical means to help prevent torture and ill-treatment within places of detention. The Optional Protocol will establish a new international body, a Subcommittee, solely concerned with preventing these forms of abuse through a system of inspection visits to places of detention within states parties. These visits will be followed by concrete recommendations given to the authorities concerned as to how they can prevent torture and ill-treatment.
The Optional Protocol also supports the national implementation of the obligation to prevent torture by requiring all states parties to have in place independent national bodies to conduct regular visits to places of detention to complement the less frequent visits undertaken by the international subcommittee.
The Optional Protocol will enter into force when 20 states have ratified it. To date, three states have become state parties.
Amnesty Internationalâ€™s Annual Report 2004 detailed that victims of torture and ill-treatment by security forces, police and other state authorities were reported in 132 countries during 2003.