UK: New details of CIA rendition flights refuelling at UK airports after prisoner transfers
The information concerns two flights in late 2001 and one in early 2002, where planes that had taken detainees to Jordan and Egypt, landed immediately afterwards at Prestwick airport in Glasgow for refuelling before heading back to the United States.
Three days ago UK Foreign Secretary Jack Straw said that since US President George Bush took office in January 2001 the UK government had found no evidence of a request from the US "for over-flights or for refuelling or other facilitation for what you've described as rendition... nor are we aware by other means of any such case."
Amnesty International Regional Programmes Senior Director Claudio Cordone said:
"The UK has allowed these aircraft to land, refuel and take off from their territory.
"Instead of ducking its responsibilities, the UK Government must launch an immediate, thorough and independent investigation into mounting evidence that its territory has been used to assist in unlawfully transporting detainees to countries where they may face â€œdisappearanceâ€, torture or other ill-treatment.
"The UK government cannot distance itself so easily from a policy based on kidnap and unlawful transfer. In 2002, for example, UK agents were implicated in the rendition of two UK residents from Gambia to Afghanistan and on to GuantÃ¡namo Bay.
â€œWhether the US is sending people to other countries to be tortured, or snatching them in other countries to be abused in GuantÃ¡namo, international law prohibits the UK, or any other state, from aiding or abetting them."
Amnesty International's information concerns a Gulfstream V turbojet, then registered as N379P, which between 2001 and 2005 made at least 78 stopovers at UK airports while en route to or from destinations such as Baku, Dubai, Cyprus, Karachi, Qatar, Riyadh, Tashkent, and Warsaw.
Records show that three of these flights were directly connected to known cases of rendition:
- On 23 October 2001, witnesses saw Jamil Qasim Saeed Mohammed being bundled on board a Gulfstream V, registration N379P, by a group of masked men. The plane flew Jamil Qasim Saeed Mohammed to Jordan.
The following day, the Gulfstream flew to Glasgow Prestwick to refuel, then back to Dulles International near Washington DC.
Amnesty International has repeatedly requested information from the US authorities about the current whereabouts and legal status of Jamil Qasim Saeed Mohammed, but has received no reply.
- On 18-19 December 2001, according to an inquiry conducted by the Swedish Parliamentary Ombudsmen, the Gulfstream V took Ahmed Agiza and Mohammed al-Zari from Sweden to Cairo.
Amnesty International's records show that the plane had made several trips between Cairo and Prestwick earlier in the month, and stopped to refuel at Prestwick after leaving the two detainees in Cairo, where they were reportedly tortured.
In March 2005, the Chief Parliamentary Ombudsman in Sweden, having reviewed the Swedish governmentâ€™s role in the transfer to Egypt of the two detainees, concluded that "the Swedish Security Police lost control of the situation at the airport and during the transport to Egypt.
"The American security personnel took charge â€¦ Such total surrender of power to exercise public authority on Swedish territory is clearly contrary to Swedish law."
- On 12 January 2002, according to Indonesian security officials, the Gulfsteam V, N379P, took Muhammad Saad Iqbal Madni from Jakarta to Cairo.
Amnesty International records confirm previous media reports that when the plane left Cairo, it flew to Prestwick to refuel.
Iqbal Madni has since been returned to US custody, and is currently being held at GuantÃ¡namo Bay. He does not have a lawyer, and other detainees have said in the last month that he is in poor condition and "at risk of losing his mind".
Amnesty International is calling for the UK Government to ensure that its territory and facilities are not used to assist rendition flights pending the conducting of its own investigation into the issue.
Amnesty International also urges the UK to provide full cooperation with the investigations to be carried out by the European Parliament and by the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe on allegations about secret detention centres, and to provide complete information on their internal law and practices relating to secret rendition flights, as requested by the Secretary General of the Council of Europe.
Find out more about rendition and secret detention