Serbia and Montenegro: Accession to the Council of Europe
Amnesty International is concerned that emergency regulations introduced after the assassination of Prime Minister Zoran Djindjic on 12 March might give rise to human rights violations, particularly the Ministry of the Interior's power to detain people for up to 30 days without access to a lawyer. 'Given the continuing prevalence of police torture and ill-treatment of detainees, such a period of incommunicado detention of hundreds of suspects can only be a cause for concern,' Amnesty International declared. The organisation called for all those responsible for Prime Minister Djindjic's assassination to be brought to justice, but underlined that attempts to do so must be carried out with respect for international standards and must not resort to torture. The organisation continues to receive allegations of torture and ill-treatment by police throughout the country, but said that 'there appears an apparent lack of will by the authorities to adequately address this issue, thereby perpetuating a climate of impunity similar to that which exists in relation to war crimes and crimes against humanity.' In one example, on 5 December 2002, a 24-year-old student, Milan Jezdovic, was allegedly tortured to death in Belgrade police station after being arrested with eight others. All reportedly stated that the police put sealed plastic bags over their heads and that some of them were beaten and tortured with electric shocks. Some reported hearing Milan Jezdovic screaming that he could not breathe, due to the bag over his head. 'Serbia and Montenegro's accession to the Council of Europe is an opportunity for the Council of Europe to facilitate Serbia and Montenegro's implementation of its international human rights obligations,' Amnesty International said. 'It is an ideal opportunity for the country to overcome the climate of impunity for human rights violations, including war crimes and ongoing police torture and ill-treatment.' Background Hundreds of cases of enforced 'disappearances' and abductions in connection with the wars in former Yugoslavia still need to be resolved. While over 1,100 bodies have so far been exhumed in Serbia, hundreds of others remain missing and there appears a complete lack of will in finding the perpetrators of these crimes: even when a mass grave was located in an official site like a police training compound. Amnesty International considers the suffering endured by relatives of the 'disappeared' in their attempts to establish what happened to their family members, to amount to a violation of their right to freedom from torture and inhuman or degrading treatment. The organisation urged the authorities of Serbia and Montenegro to ensure reparation to the relatives of those 'disappeared' and abducted. The organisation is also concerned at the continuing discrimination against Roma, especially Kosovo Roma displaced following the 1999 conflict. Amnesty International called on the authorities to implement laws and policies to end institutionalised racism and widespread discrimination against Roma. Some conscientious objectors to military service continue to be imprisoned, and despite the recognition of the right to conscientious objection in the new constitutional charter, there is no non-punitive and genuine alternative civilian service for conscientious objectors in Serbia and Montenegro. The organisation also expressed its concern at reported moves by the Justice Minister's party, the Christian Democratic Party of Serbia, to try and reintroduce the death penalty.