Peru: National human rights plan needed to end consequences of internal conflict
In a new report published today, Amnesty International urges the Peruvian government to establish a National Human Rights Plan comprising concrete measures to ensure truth, justice and reparation and to eliminate impunity and discrimination in the country. According to the Final Report of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission (ComisiÃ³n de Verdad y ReconciliaciÃ³n - CVR), almost 24,000 people died or 'disappeared' during Peruâ€™s internal armed conflict. Most were indigenous or peasant farmers, living in a situation of poverty or extreme poverty. The CVR also concluded that racial and gender discrimination had contributed to the fact that these violations were committed with impunity for years, and not denounced by the general public.
Amnesty International Peru Researcher Nuria GarcÃa said:
â€œThe Peruvian government must build on the progress made by the CVR in the fight against impunity in terms of the 43 cases presented to the Government Attorneyâ€™s Office.
â€œAll complaints of human rights violations must be exhaustively investigated, and those responsible brought to justice via the civil courts and punished according to the severity of the crime. Reparation measures must be both individual and collective, and proportional to the severity of the human rights violation suffered.â€
Moreover, in order to combat discrimination against Women's rights's rightss rights's rights's rights's rights, indigenous peoples and peasant farmers, the authorities must periodically review legislation to ensure that discrimination on the basis of race, sexual orientation or ethnic group is not being promoted and to improve legislative effectiveness in eliminating such discrimination.
The Plan must also include measures to promote and guarantee respect for economic, social and cultural rights - including the right to health, the right to freely chosen or accepted work, the right to education, and the right of all people to an adequate standard of living in terms of food, clothing and housing. Ms. GarcÃa said:
â€œSince the end of the conflict, impunity and discrimination have continued to affect the capacity of thousands of Peruvians to exercise their rights fully. Both the authorities and society have a responsibility to ensure that Peru becomes a country in which equal opportunities are a reality for all.â€
Established in 2001, the Truth and Reconciliation Commissionâ€™s mandate was to establish the circumstances surrounding the human rights violations and abuses committed between May 1980 and November 2000 both by Shining Path (Sendero Luminoso) and the MRTA as well as the Peruvian State. In addition, it was to establish the whereabouts, identity and situation of the victims of the internal conflict and, and far as possible, responsibilities, to develop proposals for reparation of the victims and suggest measures and reforms to prevent such incidents from re-occurring.
On 26 August 2003, the Commission presented its Final Report containing the conclusions of its research and concrete recommendations aimed at the Peruvian government.
Most of the proposals require no substantial financial input. Others are deeper structural reforms or reforms that require changes in the culture and perceptions of broad sectors of Peruvian society. These will therefore require a long-term programme of reform.
- Read the report: 'PerÃº: La ComisiÃ³n de la Verdad y ReconciliaciÃ³n - un primer paso hacia un paÃs sin injusticia' ...