Libya: Refugees, asylum-seekers and migrants held indefinitely in deplorable conditions

The Libyan authorities must act immediately to end the indefinite detention of refugees, asylum-seekers and migrants, including children, Amnesty International said in a new briefing published today, 20 June 2013, World Refugee Day.

The briefing, Scapegoats of Fear: Rights of Refugees, Asylum-Seekers and Migrants Abused in Libya, highlights the unacceptable treatment of thousands of foreign nationals, many from sub-Saharan Africa, who are subjected to arbitrary arrest and held for long periods in deplorable conditions at immigration detention facilities described by the Libyan authorities as “holding centres”, with no prospect of release or redress.

Amnesty visited seven “holding centres” in April and May this year and found evidence of ill-treatment, in some cases amounting to torture. Many detainees were also denied medical care and some were slated for deportation on medical grounds.

Hassiba Hadj Sahraoui, Deputy Programme Director of Middle East and North Africa, said:


“The torture and ill-treatment we uncovered at ‘holding centres’ is unacceptable and is a stain on the record of post-Gaddafi Libya. Abuse of Sub-Saharan foreign nationals was a hallmark of al-Gaddafi’s rule and risks becoming a permanent feature of the country if the Libyan authorities don’t immediately reverse their policies.”

Amnesty documented several cases where detainees, including women, reported being subjected to brutal beatings with water pipes and electric cables. In at least two detention centres, the organisation received testimonies from detainees being shot with live bullets during riots. One man who was shot in the foot was then tied to a bed and hit in the lower back with a rifle butt, leaving him unable to walk or stand up four months later.

Yet, the European Union (EU), this year’s Nobel Peace Prize recipient, and its member states have been assisting the Libyan authorities in tightening border security and developing “an integrated border management strategy” in order to curb “illegal migration” to Europe at the expense of human rights. Amnesty has repeatedly urged the EU to fully respect the rights of refugees, asylum-seekers and migrants and to ensure that its drive to prevent people from reaching the EU does not contribute to or perpetuate human rights violations. 

Hassiba Hadj Sahraoui said:

“EU funding should be used to promote and protect human rights in Libya, especially while the country is still recovering from a recent armed conflict and confronted with a legacy of abuse.

“It is deeply troubling that EU funds appear have been used to support detention centres where thousands of foreign nationals are unlawfully held.  Asylum-seekers and refugees who are entitled to international protection and should only be detained because of their status in the most exceptional circumstances are among those routinely detained and abused in detention.”

Amnesty is urging the EU, and member states, not to enter into further agreements on migration control with Libya until the government demonstrates that it respects and protects the human rights of refugees, asylum-seekers and migrants, and puts in place a satisfactory system for assessing and recognising claims for international protection

Migrants in Libya are often perceived to be a threat to national security. Since May 2012, the Libyan authorities have deported 25,000 people, who allegedly entered Libya “irregularly”. Thousands were held in detention for months before their deportation, without access to a lawyer or the ability to challenge their forcible removal and/or detention.

The organisation also found evidence that the Libyan authorities have resumed deporting foreign nationals diagnosed with infections such as hepatitis or HIV after compulsory medical tests were reintroduced earlier this year.

Hassiba Hadj Sahraoui said:

“No individual should be deported on the grounds of their medical condition.

“Reintroducing compulsory testing for foreign nationals and deportation on the ground of their health status amounts to scapegoating them and only proves how inadequate Libya’s public health policies are”.

At the time of Amnesty’s visit a total of 5,000 refugees, asylum-seekers and migrants were held in 17 “holding centres” under the Ministry of Interior, in addition to an unknown number of detainees held by militias. The organisation’s delegates also met a small number of unaccompanied children, sometimes as young as 10, who had been detained in at least three “holding centres” for months.

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