ITALY: Authorities must carry out urgent investigation and review of G8 policing

'The Italian authorities should institute a thorough review of the current training and deployment of law enforcement officers involved in crowd control and take all necessary measures to ensure that officers are adequately equipped and trained to employ non-lethal methods of crowd control, and that no more than reasonable force is used to control disturbances,' Amnesty International said.

Amnesty International is also urging that the criminal investigation opened into the fatal shooting pays special heed to international standards relating to the use of force and firearms by law enforcement officials. These stipulate that 'in the dispersal of violent assemblies, law enforcement officials may use firearms only when less dangerous means are not practicable and only to the minimum extent necessary.'

Amnesty International is also concerned about the allegations of indiscriminate assaults by officers on non-violent protestors, journalists reporting on the demonstrations and individuals unconnected to the demonstrations. The organization is also greatly disturbed by reports that during a raid carried out on the headquarters of the Genoa Social Forum in the early hours of 22 July, officers subjected individuals to deliberate and gratuitous beatings, resulting in numerous injuries, some of them requiring urgent hospital treatment. Allegations that some of those detained in Genoa over the last few days have been deprived of prompt access to a lawyer and prompt and adequate medical care are also a cause for concern.

'The allegations of gratuitous violence and violations of detainees' rights by law enforcement officials must be investigated promptly, thoroughly and impartially,' said Amnesty International.

'Amnesty International recognizes the difficulties faced in policing summits, especially as certain factions are set on causing violence. The organization does not condone violence aimed at police or property, nor does it oppose the lawful use of reasonable force by law enforcement officials but - as Amnesty International reminded the Italian authorities in the run-up to the G8 demonstrations - at the same time policing must be carried out with full respect for international human rights standards.'

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