Israel must end 'horrifying' use of excessive force against Gaza protesters

Israeli soldiers firing tear gas grenades on Palestinian protesters during Land Day protests on 30 March © JACK GUEZ/Getty Images

After 26 Palestinians killed and thousands injured, Israel must stop using live ammunition against unarmed protesters and properly investigate the military response

At least four people have had legs amputated after sustaining serious injuries

‘For the past two weeks, the world has watched in horror as Israeli forces unleashed excessive, deadly force against protesters’ - Magdalena Mughrabi

The Israeli authorities must put an immediate end to the excessive and lethal force being used to suppress Palestinian demonstrations in Gaza, Amnesty International said as fresh protests began today.

There have already been further reports of dozens of Palestinians being injured by Israeli gunfire earlier today. 

Following the deaths of 26 Palestinians - including three children and the photojournalist Yasser Murtaja - and the injuring of at least 3,078 others during protests on the past two Fridays, Amnesty has renewed its call for independent and effective investigations into reports that Israeli soldiers unlawfully used firearms and other excessive force against unarmed protesters.

Eyewitness testimonies - as well as videos and photographs taken during the demonstrations -  point to evidence that in some instances unarmed Palestinian protesters were shot by Israeli snipers while waving the Palestinian flag or running away from the fence separating the Gaza Strip from Israel.

Among those injured since 30 March are some 445 children, at least 21 members of the Palestinian Red Crescent’s emergency teams, and 15 journalists. According to the Ministry of Health in Gaza, some 1,236 people have been hit by live ammunition. Others have been injured by rubber bullets or treated for tear gas inhalation dropped by drones. The World Health Organisation has expressed concern that nearly 350 of those injured may be temporarily or permanently disabled as a result of their injuries. So far, at least four people have had leg amputations. 

On two consecutive Fridays, tens of thousands of Palestinians, including men, women and children, have gathered in five camps set up 700 metres away from the Gaza-Israel fence to reassert their right of return and demand an end to nearly 11 years of Israel’s blockade. While protests have been largely peaceful, a minority of protesters have thrown stones and, according to the Israeli army, Molotov cocktails in the direction of the fence. The Israeli forces claim that those killed were trying to cross the fence between Gaza and Israel or were the “main instigators.” There have been no Israeli casualties.

While the Israeli army indicated that it would investigate the conduct of its forces during the protests in Gaza, Israel’s investigations in the past have repeatedly fallen short of international standards and have only very rarely resulted in a criminal prosecution. As a result, serious crimes against Palestinians have routinely gone unpunished.

Magdalena Mughrabi, Amnesty International’s Middle East and North Africa Deputy Director, said:

“For the past two weeks, the world has watched in horror as Israeli forces unleashed excessive, deadly force against protesters, including children, who merely demand an end to Israel’s brutal policies towards Gaza and a life of dignity.

“The Israeli authorities must urgently reverse their policies and abide by their international legal obligations. Their horrifying use of live ammunition against unarmed protesters, and the resultant deaths, must be investigated as possible unlawful killings.

“The Israeli authorities must respect the Palestinians’ right to peaceful protest and, in the event that there is violence, use only the force necessary to address it. Under international law, lethal force can only be used when unavoidable to protect against imminent threats to life.”

International Criminal Court concern

In a statement on 8 April, Fatou Ben Souda, the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court, expressed concern at the deaths and injuries of Palestinians by Israeli forces, pointing out that the situation in Palestine was already under preliminary examination by her office.

Protests to last until ‘Nakba’ commemoration on 15 May

The protests were launched to coincide with Palestinian Land Day, with protesters demanding the right of return for millions of Palestinian refugees to villages and towns in what is now Israel. The protests are expected to last until 15 May, when Palestinians commemorate the Nakba or “great catastrophe”. The day marks the displacement and dispossession of hundreds of thousands of Palestinians in 1948-9 during the conflict following the creation of the state of Israel.  
 

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