Guantánamo Bay: New 'reviews' dismissed as showing contempt for detainees' rights
Amnesty International is calling for all GuantÃ¡namo detainees to be released unless they are charged and brought to trial, without recourse to the death penalty, in proceedings that fully meet international fair trial standards.
Amnesty international said:
â€œThe government should be doing all it can to facilitate full judicial review of the lawfulness of these detentions.
â€œInstead, it appears to be trying to narrow the scope of this review and at the same time proceeding with plans to hold trials by military commission flouting basic standards.
â€œThe detainees will not be provided a lawyer for this process, the entirety of which will be conducted within the military.
â€œDisturbingly, all forms of evidence will be admissible, including from anonymous witnesses and testimony that may have been coerced.â€
Amnesty International was reacting to yesterdayâ€™s Pentagon announcement of the formation of a Combatant Status Review Tribunal scheme under which GuantÃ¡namo detainees can challenge their so-called â€œenemy combatantâ€ status.
Last week the US Supreme Court rejected a central tenet of the administrationâ€™s â€œwar on terrorâ€ detention policy when it ruled that the GuantÃ¡namo detainees have the right to challenge their detentions in the US courts.
Amnesty International fears that the narrow record that emerges from this process will be used in US courts when a detainee properly challenges his detention. The Pentagon has said that the detainees will be informed of their right to file a habeas corpus petition in the US courts.
Amnesty International said:
â€œWe are concerned that what the administration is planning to have the courts restrict their review to the narrow record that emerges from this Combatant Status Review Tribunal scheme.
â€œWhat it should be doing, at a minimum, is informing the detainees of their right to full judicial review in court and facilitating their access to legal counsel to enable a full and fair process to go ahead.â€
Yesterday, the Pentagon also announced that President Bush has made nine more foreign detainees subject to a Military Order signed by him in November 2001.
This order provides for indefinite detention without trial or trial by military commission - executive bodies with the power to hand down death sentences against which there would be no right of appeal to any court.
This announcement brings to 15 the number of detainees named under the Military Order. Three have been charged.
Amnesty International said:
â€œTrials before military commissions - executive bodies, not independent or impartial courts - would flout basic standards.
â€œNo right of appeal, restrictions on the defence, and the discriminatory application of fair trial rights - are all cause for serious concern.'
The six so far named under the Military Order have been held for months in solitary confinement in reportedly windowless cells in Camp Echo. There is serious concern for their psychological health and that they may be coerced into making guilty pleas or incriminating statements that could be admitted into the military commission process.
Amnesty International fears that some or all of the nine detainees newly named under the Military Order could be transferred to the cruel conditions of isolation in Camp Echo.
In a report last month, Amnesty International emphasised that judicial review of the lawfulness of oneâ€™s detention is a fundamental principle of international human rights law covering all those held in GuantÃ¡namo.
Judicial review is an integral component of the prohibition against arbitrary detention and a fundamental protection against torture or other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment.
The organisation has also called for a full commission of inquiry, independent of government, to investigate all the USAâ€™s â€œwar on terrorâ€ detention policies, practices and facilities with a view to bringing to account anyone found to have authorised, committed or condoned torture or ill-treatment.
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