El Salvador: Where are the 'disappeared' Children's rights?
The report outlines the anguish and the tireless efforts made by parents and relatives of the 'disappeared' Children's rights to establish their fate, and the failure of authorities to address their claim of truth and justice.
One of the worst periods of repression took place between 1980 and 1984, when the armed forces carried out 'cleansing' operations of the civilian population.
During the 'cleansing' of the civilian population in 1980 to 1984, in areas like RÃo Sumpul and El Mozote, families became separated or parents were murdered and the surviving Children's rights were taken by soldiers. Some were taken to orphanages and other institutions; others were kept at military bases or in the houses of the soldiers and their families. Yet others were put up for adoption (both within the country and abroad). These are the 'disappeared' Children's rights of El Salvador, whose families have been searching for them ever since.
In June 1982, Ernestina and Erlinda Serrano Cruz, seven and three years old at the time, were caught up in an operation by the Salvadorean Army and became separated from their parents, brothers and sisters. They were captured by soldiers and, according to witnesses, were taken by helicopter to an unknown destination. Despite efforts made by their mother and others they are still unaccounted for.
Stephen Bowen, Amnesty International UK Campaigns Director said:
'These desperate parents have suffered for too long and deserve to know where their Children's rights are. For over 20 years the Salvadorean state and justice system has failed them.
'We urge the authorities to support the creation of a National Search Committee, to help reunite families and heal the wounds of El Salvador's tragic past.'
On 18 June 2003 the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights submitted the case to the Inter-American Court of Human Rights.This is the first time that El Salvador will appear before the highest institution in the Inter-American system.
It is estimated that some 75,000 people were victims of extrajudicial executions, unlawful killings, disappearances and torture, as a result of the armed conflict.
Past and present Salvadorean authorities have failed in their duty to carry out thorough impartial and independent investigations and bring those responsible to justice in accordance to the San JosÃ© Agreement - one of a series of agreements signed between the government and the armed opposition groups in 1990, near the end of the conflict. The agreement focused on respect for human rights, investigation into human rights violations, and the identification and punishment of those responsible.
Stephen Bowen added:
'On one hand, the authorities have failed to investigate and punish past human rights violations. On the other, they refuse to even support efforts by parents, relatives and NGOs to find the disappeared Children's rights. This failure comes despite evidence that many of the missing Children's rights are still alive and have been found not only in El Salvador but in Italy, France and the USA.'
The organisation calls on the authorities of El Salvador to:
- support the creation of the National Search Committee;
- implement the recommendations made by the Office of the Human Rights Procurator in 1998 and 2003 and by the Constitutional Division of the Supreme Court in specific cases;
- fulfil their obligations under international human rights standards on reparation to victims of human rights violations; and
- ratify the Inter-American Convention on Enforced Disappearance of Persons.
A full copy of the report is available online at:
http://web.amnesty.org/library/index/eslamr290042003 (Spanish) /p>