'Disappearance' is criminalised for the first time
In an unprecedented decision, on 19 August the Legislative Assembly of the Federal District unanimously passed an addition to the Penal Code allowing sentences of between 15 and 40 years in prison for public servants from the D.F. responsible for 'disappearances'.
'It is now imperative that the authorities develop a strategy to prevent further 'disappearances' and bring to justice those responsible for these crimes,' added the human rights organisation.
'It is also essential that they proceed, as soon as possible, to codify the crime of 'disappearance' in Federal Law and in the legislation of each and every one of the 31 states of the Mexican Federation.'
Amnesty International continues to receive cases of 'disappearances' following detention by security forces personnel, most of which take place in the context of counter-insurgency and anti-narcotics operations. In addition, over 400 cases of 'disappearances' dating back to the 1970s and 1980s remain unresolved, prolonging untold anguish and injustice for the relatives.
'The cycle of impunity that has characterised and reinforced human rights violations in Mexico must be broken,' said Amnesty International.
'The authorities have the obligation to do everything in their power to establish the truth of each 'disappearance' , bring all those responsible to justice and fully compensate the victims and their families.'
Background The bill to criminalise 'disappearance' was proposed by Rosario Ibarra de Piedra, whose son Jesds Piedra Ibarra, disappeared in 1975 after being abducted, according to reports, by agents of the State Judicial Police in Monterrey, Nuevo Le\n state. Jesds Piedra is one of more than 400 'disappeared' whose fate has yet to be established by the Mexican authorities. During the last 25 years Rosario Ibarra has campaigned ceaselessly for the authorities to investigate these crimes and bring those responsible to justice. Over the years, both she and the organisation she created, the Committee for the Defense of Prisoners, the Persecuted, the ' Disappeared' and Political Exiles (also known as ComitÃ© Eureka), have suffered threats and intimidation