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Bahrain: call for release of Abdulhadi Al-Khawaja and 12 other jailed activists

Court hearing on Monday could free men on bail

Amnesty International is calling on the Bahraini authorities to release 13 opposition activists and prisoners of conscience ahead of a court decision on their case early next week.

The 13 men - who include prominent opposition activists Abdulhadi Al-Khawaja and Ebrahim Sharif - were originally sentenced by a military court in June 2011 to between five years and life in prison.

The group were convicted on charges including “setting up terror groups to topple the regime and change the constitution” after their involvement in peaceful anti-government protests, and had their convictions and sentences upheld on appeal in September.

On Monday 3 December, Bahrain’s Court of Cassation in the capital Manama, will decide whether to grant the men's defence request to be released on bail. The court is likely to decide whether to quash or uphold their sentences and convictions at a later separate hearing, although there is a small possibility this will happen on Monday.

All of the 13 maintain their innocence and Amnesty has found no evidence that they used or advocated violence in last year’s anti-government protests. The organisation believes they are held solely for exercising their legitimate rights to freedom of expression, association and assembly. 

Amnesty International Middle East and North Africa Deputy Director Hassiba Hadj Sahraoui said:

“Monday's decision will be a real test for the Bahraini authorities and their allies, if they want to prove once and for all that they are genuinely committed to respecting and protecting human rights.

"These men must be immediately and unconditionally released. Their sentences and convictions must be quashed. Bahrain's allies must also put pressure on the authorities to drop the pretence of reform and immediately back up their words with real actions."

Last week, to coincide with the first anniversary of the Bahrain Independent Commission of Inquiry (BICI) report, Amnesty released a report criticising the inadequate implementation of the BICI recommendations and the worsening human rights situation in the country. Amnesty’s report highlighted the increased repression and lack of accountability for past abuses in Bahrain, including the continuous imprisonment of prisoners of conscience like the 13 opposition activists and of Nabeel Rajab, president of the Bahrain Centre for Human Rights.

The Bahraini government responded to the criticism by saying the allegations were baseless and that it was committed to the implementation of the BICI recommendations. However Amnesty has documented continuous human rights abuses in the past few months as well as lack of accountability and impunity for past abuses, including the lack of impartial and independent investigations into allegations of torture and other ill-treatment, including allegations made by the 13 opposition activists that they were tortured or otherwise ill-treated while in custody. 

Far from engaging in reform, says Amnesty, the authorities moved in the past months  to unleashing further repression, culminating in October 2012 in the banning of all rallies and gatherings in the country in violation of the right to freedom of expression and peaceful assembly, and, in November, with the stripping of Bahraini nationality from 31 opposition figures.

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