Amnesty International Report 2012: No longer business as usual for tyranny and injustice
Strong Arms treaty needed as UN Security Council increasingly looks unfit for purpose
A failure of leadership makes the UN Security Council seem tired, out of step and increasingly unfit for purpose, Amnesty International said today as it launched its 50th global human rights report with a call for a strong global Arms Treaty, which is due to be decided on in July. Read the report
Salil Shetty, Amnesty International Secretary General, said:
“Failed leadership has gone global in the last year, with politicians responding to protests with brutality or indifference. Governments must show legitimate leadership and reject injustice by protecting the powerless and restraining the powerful. It is time to put people before corporations and rights before profits.
“In the last year it has all too often become clear that opportunistic alliances and financial interests have trumped human rights as global powers jockey for influence in the Middle East and North Africa. The language of human rights is adopted when it serves political or corporate agendas, and shelved when inconvenient or standing in the way of profit.”
The report highlights how vocal and enthusiastic support for the protest movements shown by many global and regional powers in the early months of 2011, has not translated into action. As Egyptians go to the polls to vote for a new president, it looks increasingly as if the opportunities for change created by the protestors are being squandered.
Meanwhile, the report finds that the failure to intervene in Sri Lanka and inaction over crimes against humanity in Syria – one of Russia’s main customers for arms – has left the UN Security Council looking redundant as a guardian of global peace. The emerging powerhouses of India, Brazil and South Africa have too often been complicit through their silence.
Salil Shetty said:
“There is a clear and compelling case for the situation in Syria to be referred to the International Criminal Court for investigation of crimes against humanity. The determination of some UN Security Council members to shield Syria at any cost leaves accountability for these crimes elusive and is a betrayal of the Syrian people.”
The Amnesty International Report 2012 documents specific restrictions on free speech in at least 91 countries as well as relaying details of the cases of people tortured or otherwise ill-treated in at least 101 countries – in many instances, simply for taking part in demonstrations.
The report declares the UN meeting to agree an Arms Treaty in July an acid test for politicians to place rights over self-interest and profit. Amnesty’s report warns that without a strong treaty, the UN Security Council’s guardianship of global peace and security seems doomed to failure, as it is likely that its permanent members, the world’s largest arms suppliers, will continue to wield an absolute veto on any resolution.
Salil Shetty concluded:
“Ousting individual leaders – however tyrannical – is not enough to deliver long-term change.
“Governments must uphold freedom of expression at home and abroad, take international responsibilities seriously, and invest in systems and structures that ensure justice, freedom and equality before the law.
“Protestors have shown that change is possible. They have thrown down a gauntlet demanding that governments stand up for justice, equality and dignity. They have shown that leaders who don’t meet these expectations will no longer be accepted. After an inauspicious start, 2012 must become the year of action.”
- Worsening discrimination in Africa over people’s sexual orientation or gender identity; increased xenophobic rhetoric from some European politicians; increased vulnerability to terrorist acts in Africa by Islamist armed groups; and abuses against Indigenous communities in the Americas as drives to exploit resources intensified
- Progress included the global trend towards abolition of the death penalty; the erosion of impunity for past abuses in the Americas; and landmark steps towards justice in Europe with the arrests of General Ratko Mladić and Croatian Serb Goran Hadić, to face trial for crimes committed in the 1990s wars in former Yugoslavia.
Other global developments highlighted in Amnesty International Report 2012:
- Highly repressive states including China threw the full weight of their security apparatus into the suffocation of protest. There was no improvement in North Korea’s horrific human rights situation.
- In sub-Saharan Africa, the Middle East and North Africa, uprisings resonated strongly with people – but excessive force was used against protesters in countries from Angola to Senegal to Uganda.
- Social protest gathered strength in the Americas, frequently bringing people into confrontation with powerful economic and political interests. Activists were threatened and killed, including in Brazil, Colombia and Mexico.
- In Russia, civic activism grew and the country saw its largest demonstrations since the collapse of the Soviet Union, but opposition voices were abused and systematically undermined.
- There was no sign of significant change in countries such as Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan. This year’s Eurovision Song Contest host, Azerbaijan, suppressed freedom of expression and sixteen prisoners of conscience are still behind bars for raising their voices in 2011.
- Violence followed South Sudan’s vote for independence but the UN Security Council – along with the African Union’s Peace and Security Council – again failed to condemn abuses including indiscriminate bombardments by the Sudanese Armed Forces, or the Sudanese government’s closure of affected states to humanitarian organizations.
- In the Middle East and North Africa, as the uprisings occupied world attention, other deep-seated problems festered. Iran’s government was increasingly isolated, tolerated no dissent, and used the death penalty with an enthusiasm only outstripped by China, while Saudi Arabia cracked down on protestors.
- Israel maintained its blockade of Gaza, prolonging the humanitarian crisis, and continued to expand illegal settlements in the West Bank. Palestinian political organisations Fatah and Hamas targeted each other’s supporters; Israeli forces and Palestinian armed groups mounted tit-for-tat attacks in Gaza.
- Burma's government took a pivotal decision to free more than 300 political prisoners and allow Aung San Suu Kyi to contest elections. An escalation of conflict-related human rights violations in ethnic minority areas, as well as continuing harassment and detention of activists, however, suggested limits to the reform.
Read the report online /p>