Israel's destruction of multi-storey buildings during Gaza conflict were war crimes - new report

At least 18,000 homes in Gaza were destroyed or rendered uninhabitable during the summer conflict © Ibrahim Khader/Pacific Press/LightRocket via Getty Images
‘The attacks were a collective punishment against the people of Gaza’ - Philip Luther
Air strikes on landmark buildings at the tail-end of the Israel’s military operation in Gaza in August were a deliberate and direct attack on civilian buildings and amount to war crimes, Amnesty International said today (9 December) in a new report.
The report - ‘Nothing is immune’: Israel’s destruction of landmark buildings in Gaza - shows how Israeli attacks on four multi-storey buildings during the last four days of the conflict were in contravention of international humanitarian law, and Amnesty is calling for the attacks to be independently and impartially investigated.
While the Israeli military warned the four buildings’ residents to leave before they destroyed them, scores of people from nearby buildings were injured and hundreds of people were devastated to lose their homes, businesses and belongings. In all four cases, panicked residents hurried to evacuate the buildings and in most cases were unable to salvage their belongings, including important documents, jewellery and savings.
One attack - on the Municipal Commercial Centre in Rafah, which contained a shopping mall, a garage, several offices and a medical clinic - was reduced to a tangled skeleton of iron girders and concrete. Businesses in this building provided the livelihoods for hundreds of families, who are now struggling to make ends meet.
Other than the suggestion that one of the destroyed buildings housed a Hamas command centre and “facilities linked to Palestinian militants” in another, the Israeli authorities have provided no information as to why they destroyed four entire buildings.
Amnesty International Middle East and North Africa Director Philip Luther said: 
“All the evidence we have shows this large-scale destruction was carried out deliberately and with no military justification.
“Both the facts on the ground and statements made by Israeli military spokespeople at the time indicate that the attacks were a collective punishment against the people of Gaza and were designed to destroy their already precarious livelihoods.
“Even if the Israeli authorities had good reason to believe that a part of a building was being used for military purposes, they had an obligation to choose means and methods of attack that would minimise harm to civilians and their property.”

Lack of Israeli response

Amnesty has sent its findings about the air strikes to the Israeli authorities and asked for explanations on why each of the attacks was carried out; what or who was being targeted; what precautions were taken to minimise the risk of harm to civilians; and whether any investigation had taken place or was ongoing. A response was received from the State Comptroller, an ombudsman role, who simply described the focus of his inquiry into the overall Israeli military operation (known by the Israelis as Operation Protective Edge). No-one from the authorities who could have actually addressed the questions about these specific attacks responded.

Hamas violations

Amnesty has documented and repeatedly condemned violations of international humanitarian law committed by both Israel and Hamas and Palestinian armed groups during the conflict in Gaza. While this report and another one issued in November - Families under the rubble: Israeli attacks on inhabited homes - have examined Israeli attacks, a forthcoming output - currently being prepared - will focus on violations by Hamas.

Independent investigations

Up until now any investigations of alleged violations of international law by either Israeli or Palestinian forces in conflicts in the Gaza Strip and Israel have failed to be independent, thorough or impartial. Amnesty is calling for the Commission of Inquiry set up the United Nations to be allowed to conduct its investigation without hindrance and for the Israeli authorities to lift their block on Amnesty and other human rights organisations entering Gaza.

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