Hundreds of thousands of civilians continue to suffer the effects of armed conflict and restricted access to humanitarian aid across Darfur and south Sudan.
In 2010 The conflict in Darfur escalated with attacks on villages resulting in thousands of newly displaced people.
Women living in and around camps for the internally displaced are at serious risk of sexual violence, which remains rife. Abductions and attacks on humanitarian convoys increased in 2010, while human rights violations continued to be committed with impunity.
Perceived critics of the government are arrested, tortured and prosecuted for exercising their rights to freedom of expression, association and assembly.
South Sudan became an independent state in July 2011, following following an overwhelming vote for separation in a January referendum.
Horror unfolding in Southern Kordofan
The Sudan Armed Forces are indiscriminately bombing civilian areas in the Nuba Mountains region of Southern Kordofan, and preventing aid from reaching desperate displaced people.
In a joint research trip with Human Rights Watch, researchers investigated 13 air strikes. Together these strikes killed at least 26 civilians and injured
more than 45 others. The relentless bombing campaign is killing and maiming civilians, displacing tens of thousands,and putting them in
desperate need of aid. The international
community must stop looking
the other way and act to address the situation. Find out more
Unregulated arms sales fuel conflict in South Sudan
A ready flow of military weapons from China, Sudan and Ukraine has triggered indiscriminate attacks by both the South Sudanese Armed Forces and armed opposition groups during 2010 and 2011 in Mayom County, South Sudan's Unity State. Find out more and read our report
South Sudan became an independent state on Saturday 9 July 2011, following an overwhelming vote for separation in a January referendum. Read our Human Rights Agenda for the young country (pdf)
The conflict in Darfur
The Janajawid militia in Darfur, western Sudan, have killed and wounded hundreds of civilians. Angry at what they perceived to be a lack in government protection against these attacks, as well as the marginalisation and underdevelopment of the region, the Sudan Liberation Army (SLA) and the Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) took up arms in February 2003.
Since then over 50,000 people are believed to have lost their lives; more than 2 million people have fled their home; and over 200,000 have crossed the border into Chad.
- Death sentences rise to 82 29 April 2009
- African organisations call on Sudan to re-admit aid agencies 8 April 2009
- Displaced in Darfur: A generation of anger (report) 1 January 2008